Overview of the Medicaid Program


Title XIX of the Social Security Act is a program which provides medicalassistance for certain individuals and families with low incomes and resources. The program, known as Medicaid, became law in 1965 as a jointly funded cooperative venture between the Federaland State governments to assist States in the provision of adequate medical care toeligible needy persons. Medicaid is the largest program providing medical and health-related services to America's poorest people.Within broad national guidelines which the Federal government provides, eachof the States:

  1. establishes its own eligibility standards;
  2. determines the type, amount, duration, and scope of services;
  3. sets the rate of payment for services; and
  4. administers its own program.

Thus, the Medicaid program varies considerably from State to State, as well as within each State over time.

 

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